Gum Diseases & Treatments

Depending on the - stage / severity of diseases, how patient have responded to earlier phase of treatments and patient’s general oral health; There are variety of Dental Treatments for Gum Diseases. There are two types of approaches for Gum Diseases: Surgical Treatments, Non-Surgical Treatments.

Surgical Treatments for Gum Disease

Dentist performing some treatments for gum disease are surgical. Various types of surgical treatments are:

1) Flap Surgery:
During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the calculus is removed. This method reduces the size of the space between the gum and tooth, thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow and decreasing the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal diseases.

2) Guided Tissue Regeneration:
It is performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrew to better support the teeth.

3) Soft Tissue grafts:
These reinforces thin gums or fills in places where gums have receded. Graft tissue, most often taken from the roof of the mouth, is stitched in place, adding tissue to the affected area.

4) Bone Surgery:
This procedure smoothed shallow craters in the bone due to moderate and advanced bone loss. Following flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to decrease the craters. This makes it harder for bacteria to collect and grow. It is mainly needed when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with nonsurgical options.

5) Bone Grafts:
This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth.

Non-Surgical Treatments for Gum Disease

1) Professional Dental Cleaning:
During a typical checkup your dentist or hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar from the above and below the gum line of all teeth. If you have signs of gum diseases, your dentist may recommend professional dental cleaning more than twice-a-year.

2) Scaling and root planning:
This procedure is a deep-cleaning, nonsurgical procedure, done under a local anaesthetic, whereby plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth.